This official international Wushu competition sees many countries from around the world participating.
History of Wushu
Wushu originated in China and P. China has always won the most medals in these competitions. More than martial artists from 89 countries took part in the 9th WWC in Beijing injust one year before the summer Olympic Games took place in People's Republic of China.
Incidental music was adopted for the first time for the Taijiquan and Taijijian events. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Asian Wushu Championship. Retrieved 7 March International wushu competitions. World Championships World Junior Championships. European Championships.
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Hidden categories: Articles containing Chinese-language text Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.The origins of wushu may be traced back to early man and his struggle for survival in the harsh environment during Bronze Age BCor even earlier, a struggle that led to the development of techniques to defend against both wild animals and other human beings.
From the Shang Dynasty approx. Fast-forward to A. D when the Shaolin Temple, long-recognized internationally as a touchstone of certain styles of Chinese wushu, was erected on Song Shan Mountain for the monk Batuo, whose students enjoyed practicing wushu-type exercises in their spare time.
Later generations of monks combined chan Zen and quan martial arts into what is famously known today as Shaolin Quan Shaolin Wushu. Wushu came to be practiced mainly by the common people, and martial techniques and practices started to be combined with theoretical and philosophical ideas popular amongst the common folk, resulting in hundreds of styles like Xingyi Quan, Bagua Zhang and Taiji Quan emerging.
While primarily rooted in martial applications, these styles also placed importance on health and moral principles. History of Wushu.Sanda, the free combat, is often taught alongside Wushu Taolu forms training.
It is to this standard curriculum that the term Wushu Sanda is usually applied. Sanda may also involve techniques from any other fighting style depending on the teacher's mode of instruction. Sanda's competitive history is rooted in barehanded elevated arena or Lei Tai fights in which no rules were observed .
However, Sanda as a competitive event developed in the military as these bouts were commonly held between the soldiers to test and practice barehanded martial skills, ability and techniques. Rules were developed and the use of protective gloves etc. It was originally used by the Kuomintang at the first modern military academy in Whampoa in the s. Sanda's curriculum was developed with reference to traditional Chinese martial arts.
This general Wushu Sanda curriculum varies in its different forms, as the Chinese government developed a version for civilians for self-defense and as a sport. The generalized modern curriculum practiced in modern wushu schools is composed of different traditional martial arts fighting styles from China, but mainly based on scientific efficiency.
Wushu Sanda is composed of Chinese martial arts applications including most aspects of combat including striking and grappling, however when Wushu Sanda was developed as a sport, restrictions were made for safety reasons as well as to promote it as a non-violent sport. Examples of such restrictions included no blows delivered to the back of the head, throat, spine or groin and the discontinuation of the combat when any of the fighters fall to the ground.
However many schools, whether traditional or modern, practice it as an all-round martial arts system with no restrictions, only adapting their training in relation to competition rules prior to the event. One can see Sanda as a synthesis of traditional Chinese fighting techniques into a more amorphous system and is commonly taught alongside traditional Chinese styles, from which Wushu Sanda techniques, theory and training methods are derived.
The emphasis of Sanda is on a more amorphous fighting ability. It has all the combat aspects of wushu. Sanda appears much like Kickboxing but includes many more grappling techniques. Sanda fighting competitions are often held alongside taolu or form competitions. Sanda represents the modern development of Lei Tai contests, but with rules in place to reduce the chance of serious injury.
Many Chinese martial art schools teach or work within the rule sets of Sanda, working to incorporate the movements, characteristics, and theory of their style. Chinese martial artists also compete in non-Chinese or mixed combat sports, including boxing, kickboxing and mixed martial arts.
Sanda is practiced in tournaments and is normally held alongside taolu events in wushu competition. For safety reasons, some techniques from the self-defense form such as elbow strikes, chokes, and joint locks, are not allowed during tournaments.What is wushu? Well, that depends on your vantage. Some might call it a martial sport in the modern world. However, a literal translation of the Chinese word indicates that "wu" means military and "shu" means art.
In that sense, wushu is a term that describes the Chinese martial artssimilar to kung fu. In fact, both kung fu and wushu were once considered to be the same thing. However, these days wushu is more considered to be more of an exhibition and full contact sport. If one goes with the more literal translation of wushu as a term describing the Chinese martial arts, then the history is vast and somewhat clouded in mystery.
Generally, the martial arts in China go back thousands of years and were formulated for the same reasons they were nearly everywhere — to aid in hunting and protect against enemies. One of the early formalizations of the arts seems to have occurred under Emperor Huangdi, who took the throne in B. Specifically, a type of wrestling was taught to troops at that time involving the use of horned helmets.
This was called Horn Butting or Jiao Di. These days, the term wushu is mostly used to describe an exhibition and combat sport, which is how it will be viewed for the rest of this article.
As was indicated earlier, the history of the Chinese martial arts are somewhat clouded in mystery. This is in part due to the length of time we're talking here- no history is very specific after thousands of years have gone by. However, it is also in part due to efforts made under Mao Zedong and Communist rule to destroy almost everything traditional in China. Literature at the Shaolin Temple was destroyed at this time, and kung fu masters fled the country, all of which left the native arts somewhat fractured.
Given this and more, in the mids the Chinese government attempted to nationalize and standardize the practice of martial arts in China. In essence, this turned aspects of it into a sport. Inthe All-China Wushu Association came to be via an appointment from the government. Along with this, the sport became known as wushu.
Along the way, the Chinese State Commission for Physical Culture and Sports compelled and moved forward the creation of standardized forms for most of the major Chinese arts, which led to a national wushu system with standards for forms, teaching, and instructor grading.
Around the same time, wushu teachings were blended into curriculums at the high school and university level. Inthe Chinese National Research Institute of Wushu was established as the central authority for the research and administration of Wushu activities in the People's Republic of China.
Taolu or forms are preordained movements designed to defend against imaginary attackers. The forms part of wushu competitions are of course judged according to specific criteria. However, in essence the forms that are used are derived in many ways from the traditional Chinese martial arts.
More recently, wushu competitions have become known for highly flying acrobatics high level spinning and jumping kicks, etcthan perhaps previously. The compulsory events are:. Robert Rousseau. Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter. Updated April 09, Kung fu and wushu are loanwords from Cantonese and Mandarin respectively that, in English, are used to refer to Chinese martial arts. It means "fist method" or "the law of the fist" quan means "boxing" or "fist", and fa means "law", "way" or "method"although as a compound term it usually translates as "boxing" or "fighting technique.
The genesis of Chinese martial arts has been attributed to the need for self-defensehunting techniques and military training in ancient China. Hand-to-hand combat and weapons practice were important in training ancient Chinese soldiers. Detailed knowledge about the state and development of Chinese martial arts became available from the Nanjing decade —as the Central Guoshu Institute established by the Kuomintang regime made an effort to compile an encyclopedic survey of martial arts schools.
The earliest references to Chinese martial arts are found in the Spring and Autumn Annals 5th century BCE where a hand-to-hand combat theory, one that integrates notions of "hard" and "soft" techniques, is mentioned. In the Tang Dynastydescriptions of sword dances were immortalized in poems by Li Bai. In the Song and Yuan dynastiesxiangpu contests were sponsored by the imperial courts. The modern concepts of wushu were fully developed by the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Zhuangzi, its eponymous author, is believed to have lived in the 4th century BCE. The Dao De Jingoften credited to Lao Ziis another Taoist text that contains principles applicable to martial arts.
Daoist practitioners have been practicing Tao Yin physical exercises similar to Qigong that was one of the progenitors to T'ai chi ch'uan from as early as BCE. Direct reference to Daoist concepts can be found in such styles as the " Eight Immortals ," which uses fighting techniques attributed to the characteristics of each immortal. The Shaolin style of kung fu is regarded as one of the first institutionalized Chinese martial arts.
From the 8th to the 15th centuries, there are no extant documents that provide evidence of Shaolin participation in combat. Between the 16th and 17th centuries, at least forty sources exist to provide evidence both that monks of Shaolin practiced martial arts, and that martial practice became an integral element of Shaolin monastic life. The earliest appearance of the frequently cited legend concerning Bodhidharma's supposed foundation of Shaolin Kung Fu dates to this period.
References of martial arts practice in Shaolin appear in various literary genres of the late Ming: the epitaphs of Shaolin warrior monks, martial-arts manuals, military encyclopedias, historical writings, travelogues, fiction, and poetry.
However, these sources do not point out to any specific style originated in Shaolin. When this book spread across East Asia, it had a great influence on the development of martial arts in regions such as Okinawa  and Korea. Most fighting styles that are being practiced as traditional Chinese martial arts today reached their popularity within the 20th century. The increase in the popularity of those styles is a result of the dramatic changes occurring within the Chinese society.
In —01, the Righteous and Harmonious Fists rose against foreign occupiers and Christian missionaries in China. This uprising is known in the West as the Boxer Rebellion due to the martial arts and calisthenics practiced by the rebels.
Empress Dowager Cixi gained control of the rebellion and tried to use it against the foreign powers. The failure of the rebellion led ten years later to the fall of the Qing Dynasty and the creation of the Chinese Republic. The present view of Chinese martial arts is strongly influenced by the events of the Republican Period — In the transition period between the fall of the Qing Dynasty as well as the turmoil of the Japanese invasion and the Chinese Civil War, Chinese martial arts became more accessible to the general public as many martial artists were encouraged to openly teach their art.
At that time, some considered martial arts as a means to promote national pride and build a strong nation. Inat the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin, a group of Chinese martial artists demonstrated their art to an international audience for the first time.
Chinese martial arts experienced rapid international dissemination with the end of the Chinese Civil War and the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, Many well known martial artists chose to escape from the PRC's rule and migrate to TaiwanHong Kong and other parts of the world.No Touch Martial Arts Reality - Part 1
Those masters started to teach within the overseas Chinese communities but eventually they expanded their teachings to include people from other ethnic groups.Wushu taolu is a set of connecting stylized movements choreographed according to certain laws, embodying the philosophical connotation of attack and defense. All routines can be practiced as standard sets or with degrees of difficulty and all have specific time ranges.
Barehands : Changquan northern long fist ; Nanquan southern fist ; Taijiquan shadow boxing 2. Short Weapons : Daoshu single-edged broad sword ; Jianshu double-edged sword ; Taijijian taiji double-edged sword ; Nandao southern single-edged broad sword 3. Dui Lian : Choreographed Fights without weapons, with weapons, and bare hands against weapons.
World Wushu Championships
Skip to content Menu. It has an enormous potential for development. Wushu sanda discipline involves fighting movements between two people for both attack-defense exercises. Sanda is a martial art which was originally developed by the Chinese military based upon intense study of various traditional methods and combined with modern, advanced in sports medicine and training methodology. Sanda is practiced as a combat sport, meaning that training is conducted with safety equipment and competitions are conducted under rules restricting certain tactics and techniques designed for the safety of the participants.Wushu history.
Tongbei System. Traditional wushu. Sanda Sanshou. Wushu and women.
Children's camp. Our offers. Goods Order. The best students. Dating Club. Registration of the participant. Healthy lifestyle. Oriental martial arts have an old history and traditions Having appeared at dawn of the civilization and changing with the development of the humanity and social system, they served not only as a means of self-defense, but also were an integral part of the culture, accumulating and increasing the greatest achievements in the various fields of knowledge and, above all, the knowledge about the human beings themselves, their inner world.
The time when Chinese martial arts appeared was not reflected in any of the historical documents. The fighting techniques were discovered and developed during a long period of continuous conflicts between men and animals or between different tribes. The experience of the conflicts was accumulating, and techniques created on its base were passed from generation to generation.
The schools of martial arts as a means of transferring tradition appeared in China, Korea, Japan not long ago, only in the XVI - VVII centuries, but even then the fighting techniques, subtleties of tactics, methods of training were not considered to be a very important subject: "First the true person, then the true knowledge". Any movement, series of techniques or a formal complex were, first of all, means of educating a man.
Through the serious number of associations, resulting from the magnificent names of the technical operations, through the philosophical realization of changes and transformations, through the clear, concentrated experiencing of the movement a new conscience was breaking - a conscience of Master.
First in China and later in Japan and the other countries of Far East, as a result of the pecularities of their historical and cultural development, originated a practice of passing the "martial tradition" for the various branches and schools of the martial arts. From a father to a son, from a master to a disciple in monastery, clan and family schools the secret techniques and fighting methods were passed, accumulated and mastered As we remember, judo became a popular, amazing kind of sport when the system of grading, belts and regulations was introduced, the same later happened to karate and the other kinds of martial arts.
The widely advertised styles of "martial karate", for example, were deprived of the most important strikes. Wushu was reduced to something closer to gymnastics, than to martial art; only not long ago Wushu-Sanda started to develop, that brings us closer to the conditions of a real fighting. The present situation in the sphere of martial arts, or, to be precise, their "sporting" variants aimed at the best result and mass championships, is such, that they transformed into a real industry of entertainment and mass culture.
Elements of Chinese martial arts originated more than six thousand years ago as the first cavemen learned simple blocking and striking techniques to protect themselves. The first documented form of Chinese martial arts, classical Chinese wrestling, is noted in the texts written by and about the legendary Yellow Emperor, Huang Ti, in the first half of the third millennium B.
Over the ensuing years, other forms of Chinese martial arts evolved.